Agriculture and Types of Farming in Leading Industry

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FEBRUARY 20, 2021

AGRICULTURE IS WORLD’S LEADING INDUSTRY

Farming is the act or process of working the ground, planting seeds, and growing edible plants. You can also describe raising animals for milk or meat as farming. Farming is a great way to describe the lifestyle and work of people whose jobs are in the agriculture industry. It is an important part of agriculture, which began thousands of years ago. Farming led to the rise of the Neolithic Revolution. It was an era when people abandoned nomadic hunting for city settlements.

Types of Farming Across the World

1. Mixed Farming
2. Subsistence Farming
3. Arable Farming
4. Commercial Farming
5. Nomadic Farming
6. Poultry Farming
7. Fish Farming

Here are some of the main types of farming you need to know:

1.Mixed Farming

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Mixed Farming the growing of food or cash crops, feed crops, and livestock on the same farm. The two types of farming, pastoral and arable, support each other and increase farm yield.

2.Subsistence Farming

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Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural  peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.

3. Arable Farming

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Arable farming involves growing crops such as wheat and barley rather than keeping animals or growing fruit and vegetables. Arable land is land that is used for arable farming. Arable farming benefits from soil organisms: More biomass, less nutrient loss. They observed that soil with a more-varied addition of soil organisms produced higher yields, better plant nutrition and significantly less nitrogen leaching than sterile soils with a much lower addition of soil biota.

4. Commercial Farming

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Commercial Farming for a profit, where food is produced by advanced technological means for sale in the market. Often very few workers are employed. Commercial farming is basically growing crops intended to sell the produce for profit in the local or export market. In olden days, most of the farmers in India, used to cultivate crops for their own food purpose which is personal agriculture.

5. Nomadic Farming

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Nomadic Farming involves humans had just managed to domesticate some animals and therefore moved with them to places with green pastures. The nomadic way of life is still practiced by some communities in the least developed nations. Nomadic pastoralism is largely practiced in arid and semi-arid areas. Animals reared by nomadic pastoralists include sheep, goats, cattle, donkeys, camels, horses, reindeer, and llamas among others. Some of the countries where nomadic pastoralism is still practiced include Kenya, Iran, India, Somalia, Algeria, Nepal, Russia, and Afghanistan.

6. Poultry Farming

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Poultry farming means ‘raising various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production’. The chickens which are raised for eggs are called layer chicken, and the chickens which are raised for their meat production are called broiler chickens. It has originated from the agricultural era.

7. Fish Farming

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The act of Fish farming is about raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures for human consumption. Fish farming is a form of aquaculture. It is the fastest growing area of animal food production. These “aquafarms” can take the form of mesh cages submerged in natural bodies of water, or concrete enclosures on land.

Hanlac

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